Education

# Multiplication Table or Times Table

A multiplication table is an array of multiples of a number. One can easily create these tables by multiplying the given numbers with the whole numbers. You can create these tables by other methods like skip counting, repeated addition, etc. Since multiplication is one of the simple and basic operations of mathematics, it is often used in creating these tables.

In schools they make students memorize the multiplication tables at least up to 20. The reason behind this learning concept is to develop mental math skills that adults will find useful in daily life. Ex: If you are buying apples, each cost Rs.12. To buy half a dozen apples, how much do you have to pay? You can easily find it by using the table of 12. That is 12 6 = 72 Rs. Every time you won’t carry a calculator with you to calculate some basic amounts. In such cases, multiplication is very handy.

## Benefits of Learning Multiplication Tables

Multiplication is used everywhere from buying vegetables to estimating construction work. Some of its benefits are given below.

• Mathematical learning is supported by the use of multiplication tables.
• Enables students to grasp the concepts as well as the facts of multiplication.
• Makes solving math problems easier for students. Example: exponents, division, etc.
• When learning new math concepts, students who have a good understanding of times tables tend to feel more confident.
• Helps students in daily life calculations.

## Multiplication Chart

The easiest way to learn multiplication tables is by using a multiplication chart. In a multiplication chart, numbers are arranged in a grid for quick multiplication. One set of numbers is normally written at the first left column and another set on the top row. The products are recorded as rectangular arrays of numbers.  Eg : If you have to find 68 then check the number 6 row for the 8th column to get the answer. 6th row 8th column number is 48. So the answer for 68 is 48.

### Multiplication Chart 1 to 8

 X 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 1 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 2 2 4 6 8 10 12 14 16 3 3 6 9 12 15 18 21 24 4 4 8 12 16 20 24 28 32 5 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 40 6 6 12 18 24 30 36 42 48 7 7 14 21 28 35 42 49 56 8 8 16 24 32 40 48 56 64

## Tricks to Learn the Multiplication Tables

• The order of numbers does not matter in multiplication. The answer remains the same if we multiply the first number with the second number or vice versa. For example, 3 × 2 = 6 or 2 × 3 = 6.
• Begin with learning the tables of 5 and 10. You can use the skip counting technique to remember these tables. These are the easiest tables.
• Now learn the tables of 2, 3, and 4. The same skip counting technique can be used here also.
• Multiplication tables of 6, 7, 8 are a bit difficult to memorize, so you can use rote method or repeated writing to remember them.
• Multiplication table of 9 has a pattern. The first numbers of the product are 0,1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8 whereas the second numbers are reversed in order. That is 9,8,7,6,5,4,3,2,1 example: 9×2=18, 9×3=27.

Thus by analyzing the patterns and repeated reading you can learn the multiplication tables till 20 easily. For more information on learning tricks and patterns log on to Cuemath’s online math classes.